Baca Komik 18
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Source: Office of National Drug Control Policy, National Institute ofJustice, and Office of Applied Studies/Drug Use Forecasting Program,Procurement Study: A Guidebook for Meeting the Goals ofthe National Drug Control Strategy, 1995.
As has been typical, respondents from drug markets have been thetarget population for many early economic studies of the privatemarkets. In addition to spending time with drug-involved respondents,the authors also spent considerable time exclusively on in-depthtalks and interviews with drug dealers in seven of the citysexamined. This was done first, to provide a target population andsecond, to learn about the drug prescribing patterns among localresidents. These dealers took the authors to identify sites where theycould buy and sell drugs, including areas that had been closed by policeofficers. In addition to the individual drug studies outlined in theSection "Drug Markets," the authors found that many of the sameplace-based concerns apply to drug markets as they do to food andservicesmarkets. Since the 1970s, the drug supply, especially for heroin, hasbeen shifting geographically as addicts move to new areas where theycan find cheaper and more readily available drugs. This provides customerswith more convenient venues to go to buy their drugs, especially forimporters and traffickers, and can increase market volatility. Users canalso use markets to avoid the risks of illegal drug dealing. This wasparticularly problematic in the case of heroin, because of the riskof arrest for possession, and U.S. customs authorities were more likely tosearch and seize heroin than cocaine. It seems that users continued to gooutside of the United States in search of lower-priced heroin.The authors attribute the continued growth of the heroin market to threefactors: (1) the success of the drug treatment industry, which has increaseddemand for treatment; (2) the success of the drug courts, whichincreased the likelihood of arrests; and (3) the growing popularity ofprescription drug use among heroin users. While heroin use declined inthe 1990s, some may have returned to heroin as an alternative to painkillers. d2c66b5586